Pompom Goldfish Care: Complete Guide for Beginners

Learn about Pompom Goldfish care with our comprehensive beginner’s guide. Master the essential steps, from tank setup to diet and breeding, to ensure your goldfish thrives. Become an informed pet owner, capable of handling common health issues and understanding the ideal companions for your Pompom Goldfish.

pompom goldfish

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Pompom Goldfish Species Profile and Identification

The Pompom Goldfish surely is a unique species, known for its distinct nasal outgrowths, which look like little pom-poms. This fancy goldfish is similar to the lionhead or Oranda, but instead of a headgrowth, they’ve got these interesting outgrowths.

Below are some key characteristics to help you identify a Pompom Goldfish:

  • Outgrowths: Often regarded as opulent, nose-like extensions. In some fish, they can extend downwards, surpassing the mouth.
  • Color and scales: Pompom Goldfish could display metallic or nacreous scalation, demonstrating diverse aesthetics.
  • Dorsal fin: Versatility is key—these goldfish may exist with or without a dorsal fin.

Now, if you’re wondering about its size, the Pompom Goldfish can grow up to 5 inches (or 12.7 cm) in body length. They have a paired caudal fin, typically short and held stiffly. Lack of a dorsal fin and the characteristic pom-poms around the nostrils make them easily distinguishable. The eyes of a Pompom Goldfish are normal as compared to other fancy goldfish.

A bit of history—the introduction of this unique species as the “Velvet ball” in China dates as far back as 1898! By 1936, the Pompom Goldfish made its way to the UK after being exported from Shanghai.

Pompom Goldfish Supplies

Before welcoming a pompom goldfish into your home, let’s ensure you have all the necessary supplies. This is key to maintaining a healthy environment for your fish.

Aquarium: Your pompom goldfish will require a decent-sized aquarium. Pompom goldfish can grow up to 5 inches (or approximately 13 centimeters) in size. So, a 30-gallon (115 liters) tank is considered a good size.

Filter: Installing a robust filtration system is also crucial. This helps ensure that the water remains clean and free from harmful pollutants. An external canister filter works well for goldfish tanks.

  • Water conditioner: Add a water conditioner to neutralize harmful chlorine and heavy metals found in tap water. It makes the water safe for your pompom goldfish.
  • Heater: Goldfish are cold-water fish so they may not require a heater unless your home gets very cold.
  • Thermometer: This is important for monitoring tank temperatures. A digital aquarium thermometer is a good choice.
  • Lighting: Moderate lighting is preferable. Install an LED aquarium light and ensure it’s switched off for 12 hours each day to mimic a normal day and night cycle.
  • Air Pump: An air pump along with an air stone will supply additional oxygen. This is especially necessary if you’ve more than one pompom goldfish in a tank.
  • Substrate: fine-gravel substrate works well because goldfish have a tendency to pick at everything.
  • Decorations and Plants: A few decorations and plants make the tank more interesting for your Pompom. But avoid sharp decorations that may pose a risk to their delicate outgrowths.

With these essential supplies, you’ll be properly equipped to provide a comfortable and healthy environment for your pompom goldfish. Next up is setting up your new pom’s home.

Pompom Goldfish Tank Setup

Setting up your pompom goldfish tank appropriately is essential to your fish’s well-being. Beginners may find this intimidating, but worry not, we’re here to guide you.

First, select a tank that’s expansive enough for your pompom goldfish. Remember, these fish possess a maximum body length of 5 inches or roughly 13 cm. Thus, for adults, it’s advisable to have a tank that holds at least 20 gallons (about 75 litres). It provides ample space for your fish to swim and grow.

Next, use a good-quality water conditioner when adding water to the tank. Goldfish are sensitive to chemicals, especially chlorine, which is common tap water. A water conditioner will neutralize these harmful substances and make the water safe for your fish.

Moreover, let’s cover the substrates. Either sand or small pebbles would work great. Sand is often easier to clean, and pebbles offer crevices for beneficial bacteria. Regardless of what you choose, ensure it doesn’t pose a choking hazard to your goldfish.

Lastly, install a filter. Filtering is crucial to clean the water, maintain its chemistry, and establish a healthy nitrogen cycle. Pompom goldfish may produce a lot of waste, hence, pick a filter that has a high flow rate. Even better, a filter with adjustable flow rate would allow you to regulate the water current for your pompom’s comfort.

The setup isn’t complete without decorations and hiding places. Provide caves, rocks, and plants for your goldfish to play and hide.

Pompom Goldfish Water Requirements

One of the most critical aspects of pompom goldfish care is maintaining the water quality and conditions. Spending most of their life in water makes them extremely sensitive to changes in water chemistry and temperature.

Pompom goldfish require a water temperature between 65°F-75°F (18°C-24°C) for optimal health. If the temperature deviates from this range, the fish could face serious health risks. An aquarium heater will be necessary to maintain a consistent temperature.

Water pH is also quite important. The optimal pH for your pompom goldfish tank should be 6.0-8.0. Use a reliable pH tester to measure and maintain water acidity levels.

  • Frequency of water change: Pompom goldfish generate significant amounts of waste. Hence, 20%-30% of tank water should be changed weekly.
  • Water hardness: Pompom goldfish prefer soft to hard water, with a general hardness (GH) from 4-20 and carbonate hardness (KH) from 6-12.
  • Ammonia, Nitrite and Nitrate levels: These should be zero for the first two compounds and below 50 ppm for nitrates. Regular water testing is necessary to ensure the toxicity level is not harmful to your goldfish.

One word of caution about Chlorine and Chloramines which are toxic to fish but used by many water companies to treat tap water. Always use a water conditioner that neutralizes these substances before adding new water to your fish tank.

Pompom Goldfish Diet and Feeding

A balanced diet is essential to maintain the health and vibrancy of your Pompom Goldfish. These aquatic pets are not fussy eaters, adapting easily to most types of fish food.

  • Pellets and flakes: These should form the staple of your Pompom Goldfish diet. Pellets specifically designed for goldfish contain all the essential nutrients they need. Provide an amount they can consume within 2 minutes.
  • Live and frozen foods: For variety and additional minerals, incorporate live or frozen foods into their diet at least once a week. This can include brine shrimp, daphnia, or bloodworms.

Though Pompom Goldfish can eat a wide range of foods, maintaining portion control is vital as overeating can lead to health issues.

Remember, the frequency of feeding depends on their size and age. Typically, you should feed an adult Pompom Goldfish twice a day while juveniles will require feeding up to three times a day. Each feeding session should last only 2-5 minutes. Discard any uneaten food after each session as it could harm the water quality.

Taking the time to understand and provide for your Goldfish’s dietary needs will go a long way in ensuring they lead a healthy and happy life.

Pompom Goldfish Care Schedule

Regular care is vital in maintaining a healthy pompom goldfish. Let’s look at the general plan for daily, weekly, and monthly care.

Daily Care

  • Feed Your Goldfish: Feed your fish twice a day with high-quality pellets or flakes. Be aware, overfeeding can lead to health issues.
  • Monitor Your Fish: Check their behavior and physical appearances. Signs of distress could indicate potential health issues.

Weekly Care

  • Water Testing: Use a water testing kit once a week to ensure the water parameters are within a safe range.
  • Partial Water Change: Replace around 15% of tank water weekly for smaller tanks and bi-weekly for larger ones. This helps in maintaining water quality and reducing nitrate levels.

Monthly Care

  • Deep Clean: Perform a deep clean of your tank at least once every month. This includes cleaning the gravel, decorations, and parts of the filter (as per manufacturer’s instructions).
  • Health Check: Carefully check your goldfish for any signs of illness. Pay special attention to their scales, fins, eyes, and mouth.

Always adapt your schedule based on your fish’s needs. Providing a consistent care schedule will ensure your pompom goldfish stays healthy and happy.

Pompom Goldfish Health Problems

Pompom Goldfish are generally hardy, but they are susceptible to certain diseases. Taking preventative measures can significantly reduce the risk of health problems. However, knowing what to look out for can save your goldfish’s life in a pinch.

  • Dropsy: This bacterial infection causes the fish to swell up, often giving the appearance of a pine cone. It can be deadly if left untreated. High-quality food and a well-maintained tank can prevent this.
  • Ich (White Spot Disease): This is common in many aquarium fish, including Pompoms. Look out for tiny white spots on the fish’s body. Treating the entire tank with appropriate medications can eradicate ich.
  • Swim Bladder Disease: Symptoms include difficulty swimming or floating sideways. This can be caused by overfeeding or feeding food that is too hard. Try feeding your fish peeled peas as a source of fiber to clear their digestive tracts.
  • Fin Rot: This is an infection that causes the edges of the fins to turn black or ragged. It’s caused by poor water conditions. Regular water changes and good filtration can prevent fin rot.

It’s key that if you notice any signs of disease, react quickly and seek veterinary advice. Timely treatment can be the difference between life and death for your fish.

Avoid overstocking your tank to maintain water quality. The more space each fish has, the less likely they will get sick. And remember, a stress-free environment is vital in ensuring your Pompom’s longevity and well-being.

Pompom Goldfish Tank Mates

Your pompom goldfish is a peaceful fish that enjoys companionship. Choosing suitable tank mates for your pompom goldfish must be executed with care to maintain a healthy and harmonious aquatic environment.

Firstly, tank mates shouldn’t be aggressive or fast swimmers. Goldfish like the pompom are slower swimmers, and fast, aggressive fish may stress them out. Excellent suggestions include other fancy goldfish breeds, especially the lionhead variety, for they share similar swimming speeds and temperaments. They also compete fairly for food.

Yet, avoid fish species that tend to nibble or eat the fleshy outgrowths of the pompom goldfish, like some species of barbs, tetras, and cichlid. Also, steer clear of tropical fish that require warmer water temperatures, such as bettas and guppies.

Keep these simple points in mind:

  • No fast swimmers or aggressive breeds
  • Other fancy goldfish make the best companions
  • Avoid fish that nibble on the pompom’s fleshy outgrowths
  • Say no to tropical fish as they need a hotter environment

In summary, a conscious choice of tank mates goes a long way in ensuring the well-being of your pompom goldfish. Selecting compatible friends will significantly improve the quality of life and happiness of your aquatic pet.

Pompom Goldfish Breeding

Breeding Pompom goldfish may seem complex, but with proper preparation, it can be a rewarding endeavor. The first step is understanding their breeding cycle, which usually begins in spring.

Create a conducive breeding environment. Set up your aquarium to mimic the temperature changes of spring, shifting from a colder winter environment to a warmer spring. For this, temperatures should be raised from around 60°F (around 15°C) to about 75°F (around 24°C) over a week.

Identify your breeders. Pompom goldfish are sexually mature by their second year. Males will develop ‘breeding stars’ on their gill covers and pectoral fins, while females become plumper when they are filled with eggs.

Condition your goldfish. To stimulate breeding, up their protein intake and feed them more frequently. Using a variety of high-quality, nutrient-rich foods enhance their overall health, making them fit for breeding.

Trigger spawning. Repeatedly raising and lowering the tank temperature together with frequent water changes to emulate their natural breeding season’s conditions can trigger spawning. This can encourage the female to lay her eggs, which the male will then fertilize.

Protect the spawn. After the eggs are laid, provide a separate tank or protective mesh to ensure the adults do not consume the eggs. Observe the eggs carefully for fungus and remove infected ones promptly to keep the others safe.

Raising the fry. The eggs will hatch within 4 to 7 days based on the temperature of the water. Once hatched, provide them with sufficient live food and finely crushed fish food suitable for their size for optimal growth.


Caring for a Pompom Goldfish can be a rewarding endeavor, providing endless satisfaction and a wonderful pet. With the proper setup, diet, and attention to their specific needs, these beautiful creatures can thrive in your aquarium.

Feel free to leave a comment sharing your own experiences in taking care of Pompom Goldfish.

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