White Cloud Minnow Care: Complete Guide for Beginners

Dive into the world of White Cloud Minnows with this complete beginner’s guide that’ll have you swimming with confidence, mastering their care, and uncovering hidden quirks you never knew. Let’s set sail, shall we?

white cloud minnow

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White Cloud Minnow Supplies

Preparing the perfect home for your White Cloud Minnows is essential for their health and happiness. As a fish keeper, I’ve learned the importance of a well-planned aquarium. Below, I’ve compiled a table of must-have supplies and their purposes, making it simple for any beginner to get started:

Supply Purpose
Aquarium A 10-gallon tank is the minimum recommended size for a White Cloud Minnow group.
Aquarium Lid To prevent fish from jumping out and to reduce evaporation.
Filter A gentle sponge filter is ideal for circulating water and maintaining a clean environment.
Heater These fish can tolerate cooler temperatures, but a heater keeps the tank stable during extreme fluctuations.
Thermometer To monitor the ideal water temperature for White Cloud Minnows, keeping it between 60-72°F (16-22°C).
Lighting Important for plant growth; White Cloud Minnows enjoy moderate lighting in their tank.
Substrate Sand or fine gravel works well for these fish, allowing for easy burrowing and foraging.
Plants and Decorations Provide hiding spots and ample cover, creating a stress-free environment.
Water Conditioner To remove harmful chemicals from tap water before adding it to the tank.
Fish Food Nutritious, balanced meals ensure proper growth and overall health.

Paying close attention to these supplies will provide White Cloud Minnows with everything they need for a comfortable and healthy home. Of course, keeping a close eye on your fish is essential as well. Adjustments may need to be made based on their specific needs and behavior.

From my experience, a well-prepared aquarium equipped with these supplies has allowed my White Cloud Minnows to thrive and provided me with a stunning aquatic display that anyone can appreciate!

White Cloud Mountain Minnow

Before Getting a White Cloud Minnow

Before diving headfirst into White Cloud Minnow ownership, it’s crucial to consider several aspects of their care and maintenance to ensure a successful fish keeping experience. Don’t worry – even with my 20 years of expertise, I still had to learn these essentials when initially embracing these charming little fish.

  • Research: Spend time understanding White Cloud Minnow requirements, specifically regarding tank size, water parameters, and tank mates. Familiarize yourself with their behavior and personalities to guarantee a harmonious tank environment.
  • Budget: Allocate the necessary funds for their supplies, food, and potential veterinary costs if health issues arise. Research and compare prices to find the best deals while still prioritizing quality.
  • Time Commitment: Be prepared to dedicate time to regular tank maintenance, including water changes, feeding, and monitoring water parameters. Though White Cloud Minnows aren’t high-maintenance fish, keeping their environment clean and stable is vital.
  • Tank Cycling: Complete the nitrogen cycle in your aquarium before introducing any White Cloud Minnows. A cycled tank allows beneficial bacteria to break down harmful ammonia into less-toxic compounds, creating a safe living space for your fish.
  • Space: Ensure you have ample room to set up the aquarium and its equipment, considering it stays in a location far from direct sunlight and drafts.
  • Local Fish Stores: Locate nearby stores that sell White Cloud Minnows and ask about their breeding and sourcing. Ethical purchasing is an essential aspect of responsible fish keeping.
  • Tank Mates: Investigate suitable tank mates for White Cloud Minnows, focusing on compatibility in terms of temperament, size, and water requirements. Peaceful, small- to medium-sized fish species are ideal companions.

Types of White Cloud Minnow

White Cloud Minnows, originally discovered in the White Cloud Mountains of China, have gained popularity due to their captivating colors, resilience, and ease of care. As their popularity increased, the availability of different types has expanded as well. In my experience, it’s exhilarating to witness the spectacular and varied appearances of each type.

Here are some of the most common types of White Cloud Minnows you’ll encounter:

  • Golden White Cloud Minnow: Sporting a brilliant golden-yellow hue, these minnows have red fins and an iridescent stripe along the body, contributing to their striking appearance. This color variation makes them particularly attractive in a well-lit aquarium.
  • Meteor Minnow: The Meteor Minnow is a long-finned variety characterized by its flowing, almost celestial finnage. This type is coveted by aquarists seeking an elegant, graceful appearance in their tanks.
  • Long-finned White Cloud: Similar to the Meteor Minnow, Long-finned White Clouds possess extended, delicately-flowing fins that make them an appealing choice for aquarists interested in watching a lively, buoyant display in their aquatic habitat.
  • Traditional White Cloud Mountain Minnow: Arguably the most well-known, these minnows showcase a silver-green body complemented by red fins and a striking iridescent stripe along their side. As their name suggests, they derive from the White Cloud Mountain region.

Each type of White Cloud Minnow possesses unique characteristics that make them enjoyable addition to a freshwater aquarium.

white cloud minnow tank setup

White Cloud Minnow Tank Setup

Creating a suitable environment for White Cloud Minnows is paramount in ensuring their well-being and contentedness. As an experienced fish keeper, I can attest to the importance of considering various aspects of tank setup to provide a comfortable, safe space for your fish. Follow these guidelines for an efficient tank setup:

  • Tank Size: A 10-gallon aquarium is the minimum recommendation for White Cloud Minnows, but they will thrive in larger setups – the more space, the better. Keep in mind that overcrowding can lead to stress and health issues, so adapt your tank size to accommodate your desired fish population.
  • Substrate: Opt for sand or fine gravel to offer a natural and comfortable habitat for White Cloud Minnows to burrow and forage. Avoid jagged rocks or sharp-edged materials, as they can damage the delicate barbels of White Cloud Minnows.
  • Plants and Decor: Incorporate live plants like Java Moss, Anubias, or Hornwort to provide hiding spots and maintain water quality. Additionally, include driftwood, rocks, or aquarium-safe decorations to create ample cover, reducing stress for your minnows.
  • Filter: Gentle sponge filters work best for promoting water circulation and maintaining a clean environment without generating excessive current. Too much current can stress your minnows and impair their swimming abilities.
  • Lighting: White Cloud Minnows enjoy moderate lighting levels to simulate their natural environment. A standard aquarium light on a timer will do the job, promoting a healthy day-night cycle for both fish and plants.
  • Heating and Thermometer: Although these fish can tolerate cooler temperature ranges (60-72°F, 16-22°C), it’s necessary to monitor your aquarium with a thermometer. If the temperature fluctuates excessively or drops drastically, install an adjustable heater to maintain stability – sudden temperature changes can cause stress and harm your fish.
  • white cloud minnow requirements

White Cloud Minnow Water Requirements

Maintaining proper water conditions is essential for the health and longevity of White Cloud Minnows. Over my 20 years of fish keeping, I’ve come to appreciate the importance of regular testing and monitoring to keep these water parameters in check:

  • Temperature: White Cloud Minnows thrive in cooler water, with an ideal temperature range of 60-72°F (16-22°C). However, stable conditions are more critical than the exact temperature – fluctuations can lead to stress, so monitor the water closely with a reliable thermometer.
  • pH: Maintaining a pH level between 6.0 and 8.0 is crucial, as it emulates their natural habitat conditions. Regularly test your aquarium water and adjust as needed to keep the pH within this range.
  • Hardness: White Cloud Minnows prefer soft to moderately hard water, with a general hardness (GH) of 5-19 dH (degrees of hardness). Test kits are available to check the hardness of your aquarium water and make necessary adjustments.
  • Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrate: Ammonia and nitrite should always be at 0 ppm (parts per million), while maintaining the nitrate level below 40 ppm is vital. A well-established aquarium with adequate filtration should keep ammonia and nitrite levels low. Regular water changes will reduce nitrate buildup, preventing stress and potential health issues.
  • Water Changes: A vital aspect of maintaining optimal water conditions is performing weekly water changes, replacing about 20-25% of the tank water. Use a water conditioner to remove harmful chemicals from tap water before introducing it to the aquarium.

white cloud minnow feeding

White Cloud Minnow Diet and Feeding

White Cloud Minnows are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plant-based and animal-based foods. In my experience as a fish keeper, providing a varied and balanced diet is key to ensuring their health, color vibrancy, and longevity. Carefully considering their dietary needs will result in happy, thriving fish. Here are some tips for tailoring their meals:

  • High-quality Flake Food: Flake food specifically formulated for small, tropical fish makes an excellent staple diet for White Cloud Minnows. These flakes often contain the nutrients necessary for overall health, making it an easy go-to option for beginners.
  • Live or Frozen Foods: Complement their diet by offering live or frozen foods such as Daphnia, Brine shrimp, bloodworms, and Mysis shrimp. These protein-rich foods help maintain their vibrant colors and mimic their natural feeding habits.
  • Vegetables: White Cloud Minnows also enjoy vegetables like spinach or zucchini, providing a valuable source of vitamins and minerals. Blanched vegetables work well – simply boil for a minute and let them cool before placing them in the tank.
  • Frequency and Portions: Feed your White Cloud Minnows two to three times a day, providing only the amount they can consume within 2-3 minutes. Overfeeding can pollute the water and result in health issues for your fish. While it may seem counterintuitive, underfeeding is always better than overfeeding, as they can find sustenance from microscopic organisms in the tank.

White Cloud Minnow Care Schedule

Adhering to a consistent care schedule is instrumental in keeping your White Cloud Minnows healthy and stress-free. Over the course of my fish-keeping journey, I’ve developed a routine that has served both my fish and myself well. Here’s an example of a care schedule you can follow to ensure your White Cloud Minnows thrive:


  • Feed your minnows two to three times per day in small, digestible portions.
  • Spend some time observing the fish – familiarize yourself with their normal behavior and appearance to spot any abnormalities promptly.
  • Check the water temperature to ensure it remains stable and within the acceptable range.


  • Perform a 20-25% water change to dilute waste products and replenish helpful elements.
  • Test water parameters, including pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate, and make adjustments as needed.
  • Clean glass surfaces both inside and outside the aquarium with a soft cloth or algae scraper.
  • Inspect equipment such as filters, heaters, and lights for any signs of malfunction or damage.


  • Clean or replace filter media if necessary, but avoid replacing all filter media at once – keep some beneficial bacteria intact for efficient biological filtration.
  • Trim plants and remove any dead leaves to prevent water pollution.
  • Inspect tank decorations for any signs of degradation, cracks, or sharp edges that could harm your minnows.
  • Monitor the growth and condition of your fish – it’s vital to recognize potential problems early and track their development.

As a skilled fish keeper, I can vouch for the importance of consistent care and mindfulness in maintaining a thriving aquarium. Following a regular care schedule will make a world of difference for both the health of your White Cloud Minnows and the enjoyment you derive from your aquatic hobby.

White Cloud Minnow Health Problems

While White Cloud Minnows are relatively hardy and not prone to disease, they can still experience health problems if their environment or diet is inadequate. As an experienced fish keeper, I can confidently say that recognizing and addressing health problems plays a critical role in successful fish keeping. Here are some common health issues to watch for:

  • Ich: Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, or “Ich,” is a common parasite that manifests as white spots on the fish’s body and gills. Fish may scrape against objects or display rapid breathing. To treat Ich, raise the water temperature to 82-86°F (28-30°C) for several days, and use Ich-specific treatments from a reputable brand.
  • Fin Rot: Caused by a bacterial infection, fin rot is indicated by torn or decaying fins. Poor water quality is often a primary cause. To treat fin rot, improve water conditions and administer an appropriate antibiotic or antibacterial medication.
  • Fungal Infections: Fungal infections manifest as cotton-like patches on the fish’s body, fins, or gills. This disease typically occurs when water quality is poor or the fish experiences stress. Improve water quality, and apply an antifungal treatment as needed.
  • Swim Bladder Disorder: Fish with swim bladder issues may struggle to maintain their balance or depth in the water column. Causes include overfeeding, constipation, or injury. Feed your fish a balanced diet and incorporate vegetables to improve digestion. If constipation is suspected, try feeding a thawed, de-shelled pea.

Prevention is key when it comes to health problems in White Cloud Minnows. Maintain the water parameters, provide a balanced diet, and minimize stress factors in the tank. Being vigilant about your minnows’ well-being and addressing any concerns early will undoubtedly keep them in the best condition possible, ensuring their long-term health and happiness.

white cloud minnow tank mates

White Cloud Minnow Tank Mates

Selecting the ideal tank mates for White Cloud Minnows is essential in establishing a harmonious and safe aquatic environment. In my years of fish keeping, I’ve discovered that peaceful, small- to medium-sized fish with similar water parameter requirements make the best companions for White Cloud Minnows. Consider the following species when contemplating tank mates:

  • Neon Tetras: These beautiful, bright fish share the White Cloud Minnows’ preference for subtropical temperatures and peaceful dispositions, making them natural aquarium companions.
  • Cherry Barbs: Cherry Barbs are gentle, schooling fish that happily coexist with White Cloud Minnows. Their stunning colors add visual interest to the tank.
  • Ember Tetras: Another peaceful, schooling fish, Ember Tetras thrive in similar water conditions, making them a safe choice to share an aquarium with White Cloud Minnows.
  • Corydoras Catfish: These amiable bottom-dwellers are non-aggressive and provide a useful cleaning service in the aquarium by consuming leftover food and debris.
  • Harlequin Rasboras: Their calm nature and shared preference for subtropical temperatures make Harlequin Rasboras an excellent option for White Cloud Minnow companions.
  • Snails and Shrimp: Peaceful aquatic invertebrates, such as Nerite Snails, Amano Shrimp, or Cherry Shrimp, can cohabitate peacefully with White Cloud Minnows while helping to control algae growth and keep the tank clean.

To ensure compatibility when adding new tank mates, introduce them slowly and monitor the behavior of both the White Cloud Minnows and the new additions. Compatibility may vary between individual fish, so keeping a close eye on their interactions is essential. 

White Cloud Minnow Breeding

Breeding White Cloud Minnows can be a rewarding and exciting challenge for both novice and experienced fish keepers. As an egg-scattering species, these minnows exhibit fascinating breeding behavior that is relatively straightforward to stimulate with the proper setup and conditions. Here are the essential steps for successful breeding:

  • Breeding Tank: Set up a separate aquarium for breeding, preferably at least 5 gallons in size. A mature, established tank will provide a more stable environment for the developing fry.
  • Water Parameters: Ensure the water in the breeding tank is pristine with a pH between 6.0 and 8.0. A temperature of 68-72°F (20-22°C) typically stimulates breeding behavior in White Cloud Minnows.
  • Substrate and Plants: Add dense, fine-leaved plants or spawning mops, as these minnows lay their eggs on plants or similar surfaces. Providing ample cover increases the likelihood of successful egg-laying.
  • Condition the Fish: Offer live or frozen foods, in addition to a high-quality flake food to condition the minnows for breeding. A protein-rich diet will help female minnows produce eggs and males display vibrant colors.
  • Introduce the Fish: Place a few healthy, well-conditioned males and females into the breeding tank, preferably in the evening. Observe to ensure there is no aggression and the fish are settling well.
  • Egg-laying: White Cloud Minnows will usually spawn in the early morning. They lay their adhesive eggs on plants, and eggs will hatch in about 2-3 days.
  • Separate the Adults: After successful spawning, remove the adult fish, as they might eat the eggs or newborn fry.
  • Fry Care: Once the fry emerges after hatching, provide infusoria or liquid fry food for nourishment. As they grow, introduce newly hatched brine shrimp, gradually transitioning them onto finely crushed flake food.

Breeding White Cloud Minnows is not only gratifying but also beneficial for maintaining their population, as they are considered an endangered species in the wild.


Embarking on the White Cloud Minnow adventure is an enriching and rewarding experience. By adhering to this beginner’s guide, you’ll master the art of minnow care in no time. Don’t forget to leave a comment and share your own White Cloud Minnow journey!

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