Jewel Cichlid Care: Complete Guide for Beginners

The Jewel Cichlid is beautiful and vibrant fish species native to West African rivers. These beautiful, vibrantly colored fish are perfect for beginners looking to dive into the world of freshwater aquariums. In this guide, you’ll find everything you need to know about caring for these magnificent creatures, ensuring they thrive in your tank.

Jewel Cichlid

This page may contain affiliate links, which will earn us a commission. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.

Jewel Cichlid Species Profile and Identification

The Jewel Cichlid (Hemichromis bimaculatus) originates from West Africa’s rivers, specifically Nigeria and Cameroon. They belong to the Cichlidae family, which is renowned for their bright colors and fascinating behaviors.

These fish are often admired for their vibrant colors, which can range from dark red to bright orange, and their distinct black spots on their sides. The Jewel Cichlid’s average size is between 4 to 6 inches in length. They have a lifespan of 3 to 5 years, making them a relatively short-lived fish in comparison to other species.

Identifying a Jewel Cichlid is fairly straightforward due to their unique appearance:

  • Bright red to orange coloration
  • Two prominent black spots on each side
  • Oval-shaped body with a streamlined shape

Sexual dimorphism is not easily distinguishable, but male Jewel Cichlids generally have more vibrant colors and slightly larger size than females.

Jewel Cichlids exhibit monogamous and territorial tendencies, often forming strong pair bonds. They can be highly aggressive, especially during the breeding season.

 They are easily identifiable by their unique appearance, and taking care of them requires knowledge of their specific requirements and behaviors. Treat them right and you’ll be rewarded with a stunning addition to your aquarium.

Jewel Cichlid Supplies

Before bringing home your Jewel Cichlid, it’s important to gather all the necessary supplies for their care. Having the right equipment will ensure a healthy and comfortable environment for your new fish.

Tank and Accessories

  • Tank: A 40-gallon tank should be the minimum size, as Jewel Cichlids are active and territorial. Bigger tanks are always better when it comes to cichlids.
  • Heater: These fish require warm water, so you’ll need an aquarium heater to maintain temperatures between 75-82°F (24-28°C).
  • Filter: A reliable filtration system is crucial for maintaining water quality. Choose one with a capacity appropriate for your tank size.
  • Lighting: Standard aquarium lighting works well for Jewel Cichlids, but you can also opt for LED lights for energy efficiency and adjustable brightness.

Substrate and Decorations

  • Substrate: Sand or fine gravel works best as they allow your Jewel Cichlid to dig and establish territories. About 2-3 inches (5-8 cm) of substrate is recommended.
  • Rocks and Caves: Providing rocks, caves, or pots in the tank is important for territorial fish. These hiding spots will reduce aggression and stress levels.
  • Plants: Jewel Cichlids can be rough on live plants – opt for hardy plants like Anubias or Java Fern, or use artificial plants for a hassle-free option.

Maintenance Supplies

  • Water Testing Kit: It’s crucial to monitor the water parameters regularly; a complete test kit will help you track ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, pH, and other essential parameters.
  • Dechlorinator: This will neutralize chlorine in your tap water, keeping your fish safe during water changes.
  • Aquarium Siphon: A siphon is helpful for cleaning debris from the bottom of the tank and facilitating partial water changes.

Getting all these supplies in place before introducing your Jewel Cichlid to the tank will make their transition much smoother, and you’ll be ready to provide the best care possible.

Jewel Cichlid Tank Setup

When setting up a tank for your Jewel Cichlid, start with at least a 40-gallon tank to give them ample space to swim and grow. These lively fish need lots of swimming space, so it’s crucial to not overcrowd their environment.

jewel cichlid tank setup

To create a cozy habitat, add rocks, driftwood, and plants to mimic their natural surroundings. Anubias and Java Fern are ideal plants as they’re sturdy and withstand Jewel Cichlids’ tendency to dig. Keep in mind, these fish are territorial and require hiding spots, so set up rocks forming caves or small crevices:

  • Smooth river rocks with flat surfaces
  • Large driftwood pieces for shelter and aesthetics

A reliable heating and filtration system is essential to maintain a Jewel Cichlid’s well-being. Set the heater to a temperature between 75-82°F (24-28°C) and use a strong filter, like a canister or hang-on-back filter, to ensure proper water conditions.

Important Aspect Value
Tank Size 40 gallons (minimal)
Temperature 75-82°F (24-28°C)
pH Range 6.5-7.5

Lastly, use fine sand as a substrate, as Jewel Cichlids love to dig and sift through it. Coarse gravel may lead to injuries, so it’s best to avoid such materials. By following these guidelines, your Jewel Cichlid tank setup ensures a comfortable and healthy environment that helps them thrive.

Jewel Cichlid Water Requirements

Jewel cichlids are native to Africa, where they inhabit warm, slightly acidic, and slow-moving waters. It is essential to provide them with similar conditions in your home aquarium to ensure their health and well-being.

Proper water parameters are crucial for jewel cichlids, as they can be sensitive to sudden changes or poor water quality. Below is a summary of the ideal water conditions:

  • Temperature: Maintain a consistent temperature between 75°F and 82°F (24°C and 28°C).
  • pH: Keep the pH level between 6.0 and 7.5, with a slightly acidic environment preferred.
  • Water hardness: Aim for a general hardness (GH) between 8 and 12 dGH and a carbonate hardness (KH) between 5 and 12 dKH.

To ensure stable water quality, invest in a reliable heater, thermometer, and test kit to regularly monitor and adjust the temperature, pH, and hardness if necessary.

In addition to optimal water parameters, proper filtration is a must for jewel cichlids. Use a high-quality filter that can handle at least three times the volume of water in your tank per hour. This will help eliminate waste, uneaten food, and other harmful substances from the water, as well as prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria.

Regular water changes are crucial for keeping your jewel cichlids in good health. Perform a 25% water change every week or a 50% water change every two weeks to maintain a clean and stable environment.

Following these guidelines will ensure that your jewel cichlids have the best possible water conditions in their home aquarium, resulting in a healthy and thriving tank.

Jewel Cichlid Diet and Feeding

When it comes to feeding your Jewel Cichlid, it’s essential to provide a well-balanced and varied diet. These fish are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plant-based and animal-based foods.

  • In their natural environment, Jewel Cichlids primarily feed on small insects, crustaceans, and plant materials. To replicate this diet in captivity, include live or frozen food options, such as brine shrimp, daphnia, bloodworms, and mysis shrimp. These protein-rich foods not only help with growth, but also bring out the vibrant colors in your Jewel Cichlid.
  • In addition to live or frozen foods, high-quality pellet or flake food should also be provided. This ensures your Jewel Cichlids receive all the necessary vitamins, minerals, and nutrients required for proper growth and health. Be sure to choose a cichlid-specific formula to maximise the benefits.

When feeding your Jewel Cichlid, follow these simple guidelines:

  1. Feed them small portions – Offering small amounts of food ensures that they can consume it all in a short period of time, which helps maintain water quality. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and water pollution, which can adversely affect their health.
  2. Feed them 2 to 3 times daily – Regular small feedings help maintain their metabolism, enhance their coloration, and support overall health. Adjust the feeding frequency according to their growth and activity levels.

Monitoring the feeding habits of your Jewel Cichlid is key to ensuring a healthy diet and environment. If there is uneaten food after a few minutes, remove it and reduce the portion size for the next feeding. By providing a varied, well-balanced diet and following proper feeding guidelines, you’ll keep your Jewel Cichlid happy and healthy.

Jewel Cichlid Care Schedule

To ensure the health and happiness of your Jewel Cichlids, you need to establish a consistent care schedule. This routine will not only make it easier for you to maintain your tank but also help create a stable environment for your fish.

Regular Maintenance:

  • Weekly: Perform a 25% water change, clean the glass, and prune any overgrown plants.
  • Monthly: Check and clean the filter, as well as assess the need for replacing filter elements.

Water Quality Testing:

  • Weekly: Test the water for ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, and pH levels. Keep the parameters within the safe range for your cichlids.
  • Monthly: Make sure to analyze the water hardness and adjust as necessary.


  • Daily: Feed your Jewel Cichlids a varied diet consisting of high-quality pellet or flake food, along with meaty foods such as brine shrimp or bloodworms.
  • Twice a week: Include blanched vegetables into their diet to provide essential nutrients that can’t be found in their usual meaty food sources.

Monitoring Health and Behavior:

  • Daily: Observe your Jewel Cichlids for signs of stress, illness, or injury. Take note of any changes in color, eating habits, or activity levels.

By following this care schedule, you will create a stable, healthy environment for your Jewel Cichlid. Remember to always stay vigilant and monitor their behavior daily. If any issues arise, act swiftly to address the problem and keep your fish healthy and happy in your tank.

Jewel Cichlid Health Problems

Just like any other fish species, Jewel Cichlids can also suffer from various health problems. However, they are known for their hardiness and with proper care, you can prevent most of these issues. Some common health problems they might encounter include:

  • Ich: Ich, or white spot disease, is a common parasitic infection in freshwater fish. Signs include white spots on the body, fins, and gills, as well as increased scratching against objects in the tank. To treat Ich, raise the water temperature to 86°F (30°C) for at least three days, and consider adding aquarium salt or using over-the-counter Ich medication.
  • Fin Rot: Fin Rot is a bacterial infection that causes the slow deterioration of a fish’s fins. Typically triggered by poor water quality, symptoms include frayed or discolored fins. Improve water conditions and treat with an antibacterial medication to alleviate this issue.
  • Bloat: Bloat in cichlids is caused by an internal bacterial infection or improper diet. Signs of bloat include a swollen abdomen, loss of appetite, and lethargy. To prevent bloat, provide a varied diet and maintain good water quality. In severe cases, medicate with an antibacterial treatment specific to internal infections.
  • Parasites: External parasites like flukes or anchor worms can also affect Jewel Cichlids. Signs of parasites may include excess mucus production, skin lesions, and itching. Quarantine affected fish and treat with an appropriate antiparasitic medication.

Regularly monitoring your Jewel Cichlids for any abnormal behavior or physical changes is crucial in catching any health problems early. Maintaining good water quality, providing a balanced diet, and quarantining new fish are some of the most effective ways to prevent health issues in your Jewel Cichlid tank.

Jewel Cichlid Tank Mates

As with any fish, selecting the appropriate tank mates for your Jewel Cichlid is essential in maintaining a healthy and harmonious environment. Jewel Cichlids, being territorial and aggressive, can be tricky to pair with other fish. However, some compatible tank mates can be found if certain guidelines are followed.

jewel cichlid tank mates

  • Size and Temperament: The most important factor in choosing tank mates for Jewel Cichlids is selecting fish of a similar size and assertiveness. A good rule of thumb is to look for robust fish that can hold their own against the feisty personality of Jewel Cichlids. The ideal tank mates should not be easily stressed or prone to illness due to confrontation.
  • Examples: Some suitable tank mates for Jewel Cichlids include African Cichlids (such as Mbunas and Peacock Cichlids), Convict CichlidsFiremouth CichlidsGreen Terrors, and Jack Dempseys. Keep in mind that the compatibility between these species can vary on a case-by-case basis depending on individual personalities.
  • Extra Caution: Whenever you introduce new fish to the tank, be sure to monitor them closely and watch for signs of extreme stress, fights, or territorial behavior. If the situation becomes dangerous or unmanageable, you may need to intervene and either separate the fish or find alternative housing for the incompatible tank mates.

Despite the challenges, finding suitable tank mates for Jewel Cichlids can be an enjoyable task rewarding you with a dynamic and engaging aquarium. With proper care, caution, and consideration, you can successfully establish a balanced tank environment suitable for the entire aquatic family.

Jewel Cichlid Breeding

Breeding Jewel Cichlids can be both exciting and rewarding, especially for beginners who are interested in observing the fascinating parental behaviors of these fish. However, it is important to be well-prepared before delving into this process.

jewel cichlid breeding

Here’s what you need to know to ensure a successful breeding experience:

Preparing for breeding: First and foremost, you should set up a separate breeding tank, ideally with a capacity of 20-30 gallons. This allows the parent fish and their fry to have enough space to thrive without disturbing the other inhabitants in your main tank. In the breeding tank, add a few flat rocks or flower pots to provide suitable surfaces for the fish to lay their eggs.

Pairing: To maximize the chances of successful breeding, it is recommended to introduce a confirmed male and female into the breeding tank. The presence of a bonded pair will significantly increase the likelihood of spawning. Jewel Cichlids generally breed in pairs, so introducing a single male and female should suffice for breeding purposes.

Spawning: Jewel Cichlids are substrate spawners, meaning they lay their eggs on flat surfaces. Once a suitable site is selected, the female will deposit her eggs (which can range from 50 to 500) and the male will fertilize them. The pair will then take turns guarding the eggs, displaying strong parental instincts.

Caring for the fry: After approximately 72 hours, the eggs will hatch into fry. At this stage, it is crucial to provide a healthy diet to ensure their proper development. Feed them a combination of high-quality crushed flake foods and freshly hatched baby brine shrimp. As the fry grow larger, you can introduce them to a more diverse diet.

Separating the fry: When they are about 3-4 weeks old, it is safe to separate the fry from the parents by placing them into a separate tank. This eliminates the risk of parental aggression and allows the fry to grow safely in their new environment.


Taking care of Jewel Cichlids can be a rewarding experience for both beginner and experienced aquarists. By following this guide, you’re now equipped with the knowledge needed to maintain a thriving Jewel Cichlid tank. If you have any questions or tips on Jewel Cichlid care, please share your thoughts in the comment section below!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *